Mandatory Purchase Program

Purpose of Program

Green Public Procurement is aimed at preventing environmental pollutions and reducing the use of natural resources, while stimulating the market on green products. Public institutions are mandated by the Act on Promotion of Purchase of Green Products to purchase green products.

Purpose of Program Purpose of Program

Contents of the Law

Contents of the Law
Scope of green products (Act on Promotion of Purchase of Green Products, Article 2-2) - Products subject to Eco-label certification pursuant to Article 17, Paragraph 1 of the Environmental Technology and Industry Support Act, or products conforming to the certification standards set for each product by the Minister of Environment as prescribed in Paragraph 3 of the same article;
- Items subject to recycled product quality certification as prescribed by the Minister of Trade, Industry, and Energy, pursuant to Article 33 of the Act on the Promotion of Saving and Recycling of Resources and Article 17 of the Enforcement Decree of the Industrial Technology Innovation Promotion Act; as in, certified products or products meeting certification standards;
- Other green products that conform to the certification standards and/or criteria per item agreed upon by the Minister of Environment and other relevant ministers.
Establishment of basic green product purchase promotion plans (Article 4, Article 7) - The Minister of Environment shall establish five-year basic green product purchase promotion plans, and one-year green product purchasing guidelines; and,
- Organize a green product purchase promotion committee to review important matters associated with the basic plans and purchasing guidelines.
Duties of public institutions to purchase green products (Article 3, Article 6, Article 8) - When green products are available that meet the needs of the items to be purchased by public institutions, it is mandated that the green products be purchased.

* However, in cases in which the purchase of green products leads to a significant reduction in quality or unstable supply, or if there is an urgent need and a green product is not readily available, etc., institutions shall be exempt from mandatory purchases.

- The government requires that each institution establishes an annual green product purchasing plan and publishes the results of the plan, so that all public institutions can be held accountable for their green product purchases.
Cooperation to promote the purchase of green products (Article 10) - The Minister of Environment shall ask the heads of respective public institutes to take appropriate actions to promote the purchase of green products

* Reflect regulations for green product use in construction designs, etc.
* Reflect green product purchase outcomes in the work assessments of public institutions

Enactment of ordinances (Article 11) - In the event that it is necessary for local governments to promote the purchase of green products, the relevant special metropolitan city, metropolitan city, province, city, county or district shall create and enact the necessary ordinance.
Support for the promotion of purchasing green products (Article 15) - Provide information for promoting the purchase of green products, support for the fostering of experts, support for domestic and foreign sales and certifications for green products
- Award public institutes, businesses, and relevant organizations, etc. that have an outstanding green product purchasing history or that have contributed to the promotion of green product purchasing

Scope of Mandatory Purchases

Scope of Mandatory Purchases
Direct purchases of goods by public institutions - Purchases of green products via Public Procurement Service
- Purchases of green products directly made by the respective institutions
Purchases through service contracts - Printing: Printing paper purchased by printing businesses
- Cleaning services: Toilet paper, detergent, soap, etc. purchased by cleaning service businesses
- Building maintenance and repairs: Fluorescent lights, faucets, toilets, etc. purchased by building maintenance and repair businesses
- Office appliance maintenance/repair: Printers, toner cartridges, etc. purchased by office appliance repair and maintenance businesses
- Other services including the purchase of green products: Green products purchased by service companies
Purchases made through public works - Use of eco-friendly construction materials for public construction projects, taking into consideration the characteristics of the construction project/site and appropriate application of green products, etc.

Institutional framework for the operation of green public procurement

Institutional framework for the operation of green public procurement
Governing Institution Responsibilities
The Ministry of
Environment (MoE)
- Overall management of the GPP policy, definition of strategic goals and priorities
- Establishment and monitoring of regular five-year action plans for the deployment of the Act
Public Procurement
Service (PPS)
- Operation of the Korean Online E-Procurement System (KONEPS) to facilitate actual purchase of green products
- Compilation of procurement records of public institutions
- Communication of green products information provided by KEITI to public institutions
TKorea Environmental
Industry and Technology
Institute (KEITI)
- Central role in GPP Implementation
- Management of the Green Procurement Information System (GPIS-I, and the Green Product Information System (GPIS-II,
- Provision of education and awareness raising on GPP
- Monitoring and evaluation of GPP records and performance
- Transfer of know-how both nationally and internationally
- Cooperation with stakeholders including other ministries, NGOs, research institutes and business
Public institutions - Development of an annual implementation plan with voluntary targets for GPP and institutionalization of GPP in their own organization
- Monitoring and reporting of green purchase records to MoE annually
- Designation of a Green Procurement Official within their own organization (since 2013)